Breathable TPU Membranes

Patent Title: POROUS THERMOPLASTIC MEMBRANES

 Number/Link: WO2017/178482

Applicant/Assignee:  BASF

Publication date: 19-october-2017

Gist”: Semi-permeable membranes are made by phase inversion of all-hardblock TPU solutions

Why it is interesting: ‘Breathable” membranes show a high resistance to liquid water permeation (LEP) combined with a high water vapour permeability (WDD). According to this invention breathable polyurethane membranes can be prepared by dissolving an all-hardblock thermoplastic polyurethane in a polar, aprotic solvent (like N-methyl pyrrolidone) together with a water soluble compound, casting a film and coagulating the film with water. In the examples diisocyanates (MDI, TDI and HDI) are stoichiometrically reacted with chain extenders (MEG, BDO and HDO).  The resulting materials were schredded and dissolved in NMP together with some glycerol. 150 μm thick films were cast on glass and coagulated in water, resulting in membranes with an average pore size ranging between 4 and 500 nm.  The membranes are said to be useful to make breathable fabrics for outdoor wear e.g. (“Gore Tex” (TM) – type materials)

N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone

 

 

 

 

Polythiourethanes for 3D Printing

Patent Title:  THIOURETHANE POLYMERS, METHOD OF SYNTHESIS THEREOF AND USE IN ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES

 Number/Link: WO2017/0267804

Applicant/Assignee:  Univ. Texas

Publication date: 21-September-2017

Gist”: Photolatent bases are used to catalyse the polythiol-polyisocyanate reaction

Why it is interesting: According to this invention reactive systems useful for additive manufacturing processes can be prepared from polythiols, diisocyanates and a photolatent base.  When irradiated the photolatent base will split off a non-nucleophilic base which will catalyse the thiol-isocyanate reaction. The systems can be prepared such that the resulting materials show improved mechanical properties over current 3D printed materials.  In an example 2,2′-(ethylenedioxy)diethanethiol and pentaerithritol tetrakis(3-mercaptopropionate) are reacted with HDI using 1,1-dimethyl-1-(2-hydroxypropyl)amine-p-nitrobenzimide (DANBA) as a photolatent base.

Example of pholatent base (DANBA)

Viscoelastic Polyurethane Elastomers

Title:  IMPACT PROTECTION FOAM

Number/Link: US2017/0233519

Applicant/Assignee: Dow

Publication Date: 17 august 2017

“Gist”: Viscoelastic foams are prepared from MDI, castor oil and a hydrophilic polyether polyol.

Why it is interesting: According to this invention energy absorbing foams with relatively low density and a low hardness and resilience in the temperature range from about -10 to +40°C, can be produced by reacting a blend of hydrophilic and hydrophobic polyols containing castor oil, about 0.5 pbw water and some catalyst and chain extender with MDI.  The examples show foams of about 500 kg/m³ with hardness below shore 50A and ball rebound below 15% at both -10 and +23°C. The foams are said to be useful for impact-protective garments.

Castor oil

Castor oil component

PCM Containing PU Gels

Title: Temperature Regulating Polyurethane Gels

Number/Link: US2017/0210961

Applicant/Assignee: Technogel

Publication Date: 27 july 2017

“Gist”: Fatty acid ester PCMs are incorporated into Technogel-type gels without encapsulation

Why it is interesting: Polyurethane gels have been discussed before in this blog. The current invention is about “Technogel-type”  gels, made at low NCO-index and high functionality, that contain phase change materials (PCMs). The PCMs are esters of fatty acids that can be blended in molten state with the low EO polyol to form a clear solution, which is then reacted with isocyanate to form the gel. Despite not being encapsulated or forming a separate phase, the PCMs can reversibly melt and crsytallize while in the fluid phase of the gel. In the examples blends of lauryl laurate (C12-C12) and myristyl myristate (C14-C14) are used as PCM such that the phase change temperature is about 22-38°C.  The gels are said to be useful for ‘close to body’ comfort applications especially for use in matresses to improve sleeping comfort.

Lauryl laurate

 

TPU Aerosol

Title: POLYURETHANE AEROSOL COMPOSITIONS, ARTICLES, AND RELATED METHODS

Number/Link: US20170198150

Applicant/Assignee: 3M

Publication Date: 13-july-2017  (priority PCT)

“Gist”: Aqueous dispersion of a hydrazide-extended  TPU can be sprayed as aerosol to make protective films

Why it is interesting: An aqueous thermoplastic polyurethane dispersion is prepared from a non-yellowing diisocyanate, e.g. bis(4-isocyanatocyclohexyl), a diol (e.g. PPG2000), a difunctional hydrazine or hydrazide chain extender (e.g. 1,3-diaminourea) and a water solubilizing compound (e.g. dimethylolpropionic acid).  Together with a propellant the, composition is shelf-stable and can be aerosol-sprayed to form clear, non-yellowing protective films.

3M’s aerosol-sprayed protective film.