Monodisperse Polymer Polyol

Patent Title: PROCESS MAKING POLYMER POLYOL HAVING MONODISPERSE DISPERSED POLYMER PARTICLES

 Number/Link: WO2017/172417

Applicant/Assignee:  Dow

Publication date: 5 october 2017

Gist”: Polymer polyol with a “monodisperse” particle size distribution is prepared by using a specific seeding dispersion

Why it is interesting: It is well known that the use of polymer polyols in flexible polyurethane foam formulations can result in improved airflow and load bearing properties. For optimal results the average particle size of the dispersed polymer needs to be similar to the cell wall thickness. According to this invention a SAN polymer polyol with a controlled and narrow particle size distribution can be prepared by using a seed dispersion which consists of an unsaturated macromer which, together with SAN particles of a particle size between 50 and 500 nm, is dispersed in a base polyol. The macromer is a PO/EO polyether with a (pref.) mole weight of 11000 to 14000 Da and having 4-5 OH groups and 1-2 reactive double bonds. The polymer polyol is prepared by dispersing the seed dispersion in the base polyol together with styrene, acrylonitrile and a solvent (e.g. isopropanol). After polymerization of the monomers the solvent is removed, resulting in a polymer polyol with at least 30% solids, average particle size of 1-3 μm and a size span of 1.25. In the examples the macromer is prepared by capping 1-2 OH groups of a 6-functional 90/10 PO/EO polyol with 3,3-isoprenyl-α,α-dimethylbenzylisocyanate.

3,3-isoprenyl-α,α-dimethylbenzylisocyanate

 

 

Viscoelastic Polyurethane Elastomers

Title:  IMPACT PROTECTION FOAM

Number/Link: US2017/0233519

Applicant/Assignee: Dow

Publication Date: 17 august 2017

“Gist”: Viscoelastic foams are prepared from MDI, castor oil and a hydrophilic polyether polyol.

Why it is interesting: According to this invention energy absorbing foams with relatively low density and a low hardness and resilience in the temperature range from about -10 to +40°C, can be produced by reacting a blend of hydrophilic and hydrophobic polyols containing castor oil, about 0.5 pbw water and some catalyst and chain extender with MDI.  The examples show foams of about 500 kg/m³ with hardness below shore 50A and ball rebound below 15% at both -10 and +23°C. The foams are said to be useful for impact-protective garments.

Castor oil

Castor oil component

PCM Containing PU Gels

Title: Temperature Regulating Polyurethane Gels

Number/Link: US2017/0210961

Applicant/Assignee: Technogel

Publication Date: 27 july 2017

“Gist”: Fatty acid ester PCMs are incorporated into Technogel-type gels without encapsulation

Why it is interesting: Polyurethane gels have been discussed before in this blog. The current invention is about “Technogel-type”  gels, made at low NCO-index and high functionality, that contain phase change materials (PCMs). The PCMs are esters of fatty acids that can be blended in molten state with the low EO polyol to form a clear solution, which is then reacted with isocyanate to form the gel. Despite not being encapsulated or forming a separate phase, the PCMs can reversibly melt and crsytallize while in the fluid phase of the gel. In the examples blends of lauryl laurate (C12-C12) and myristyl myristate (C14-C14) are used as PCM such that the phase change temperature is about 22-38°C.  The gels are said to be useful for ‘close to body’ comfort applications especially for use in matresses to improve sleeping comfort.

Lauryl laurate

 

Polycarbonate PU Foams with Reduced VOC Emissions

Title: POLYURETHANE FOAMS BASED ON POLYETHER CARBONATE POLYOLS

Number/Link: WO2017/085201 (German)

Applicant/Assignee: Covestro

Publication Date: 26-may-2017

“Gist”: Use of urea reduces the formation of propylenecarbonate from polycarbonate polyols

Why it is interesting: Covestry is betting heavily on polyethercarbonate polyols for use in polyurethane foams, using the carbon-negative footprint as a selling point. The use of polyethercarbonate polyols in PU foams can, however, result in the formation of propylenecarbonate resulting from a retro reaction promoted by conventional amine catalysts. Propylenecarbonate will contribute to the total VOC emissions of foams and other materials. According to this invention, the retro reaction can -surprisingly- be prevented or reduced by using urea or urea-derivatives in the foam formulation. In the examples urea and dimethylaminopropylurea are used together with a tin catalyst,  polyethercarbonate polyols and TDI to produce flexible foams with reduced propylenecarbonate content.

Propylenecarbonate

 

 

TPU with Moisture-Controlled Flexibility

Title: THERMOPLASTIC POLYURETHANE MATERIALS FOR FORMING MEDICAL DEVICES

Number/Link: Wo2017/066381

Applicant/Assignee: Becton Dickinson

Publication Date: 20 april 2017

“Gist”: High hardblock TPU, based on side-chain branched chain extenders, softens in water

Why it is interesting: The invention is related to thermoplastic polyurethanes for medical applications especially for intravenous catheters. These catheters need to have a high stiffness when inserted but need to become flexible once in place to prevent injuries. This is accomplished with TPUs based on MDI, PTMEG and either 2,2-dimethyl-1,3-propanediol (neopentylglycol) or 2-methyl-1,3-propanediol (MPdiol) and having a hardblock content of 50 to 75%. The examples show indeed an increased stiffness at ambient conditions and a larger softening when soaked in saline solution compared to TPU produced with a linear chain extender. It is however not mentioned which linear chain extender was used.

Neopentylglycol