Omniphobic Polyurea

Patent Title: MOISTURE-CURABLE OMNIPHOBIC COATINGS

Number/Link: US2019/0031909

Applicant/Assignee: US Navy

Publication Date: 31 January 2019

“Gist”: Polyurea topcoat containing both silane and perfluoro groups

Why it is interesting: According to this invention, a coating having both hydrophobic and oleophobic properties can be prepared by reacting an alkoxysilane-terminated polyurea with a perfluoromaterial having at least one alkoxy- or hydroxyl group. In an example a coating is prepared by reacting a polyurea based on HDI trimer and N-butyl-3-aminoppropyltrimethoxysilane with triethoxy(perfluoro-octyl)silane. The coating showed contact angles of more than 140 degrees vs water and more than 90 degrees vs hexadecane.

omniphobicpolyurea

Reaction system according to the invention

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Modified Polyisocyanurates

Patent Title: MODIFIED POLYISOCYANURA TE PLASTIC AND METHOD FOR PRODUCTION THEREOF

 Number/Link: WO2017/182108 WO2017/182109  WO2017/182110  (German)  

Applicant/Assignee:  Covestro

Publication date: 26-october-2017

Gist”: Partially trimerized diisocyanates are modified with monofunctional isocyanate-reactive compounds before complete trimerization

Why it is interesting: This series of applications relates to transparent polyisocyanurate coatings with controlled hydrophilicty, hydrophobicity, high scratch resitance etc. According to the invention trimers of diisocanates are reacted with a sub-stoichiometric amount of monofunctional hydrophobic, hydrophilic or siloxane-containing compounds, and then completely trimerized. In the examples HDI-trimer (prepared by partially trimerzing HDI and removing the rest of the monomer by thin film distillation) is reacted with e.g. methoxyPEG 500, dodecanol, perfluoroheptanol and N-(3-trimethoxyxilylpropyl)foramide and then trimerized using potassium acetate as catalyst.  The materials can e.g. be used as anti-fog coatings on optical lenses or anti-fingerprint coatings on cell phones.

HDI-isocyanurate

Viscoelastic Polyurethane Elastomers

Title:  IMPACT PROTECTION FOAM

Number/Link: US2017/0233519

Applicant/Assignee: Dow

Publication Date: 17 august 2017

“Gist”: Viscoelastic foams are prepared from MDI, castor oil and a hydrophilic polyether polyol.

Why it is interesting: According to this invention energy absorbing foams with relatively low density and a low hardness and resilience in the temperature range from about -10 to +40°C, can be produced by reacting a blend of hydrophilic and hydrophobic polyols containing castor oil, about 0.5 pbw water and some catalyst and chain extender with MDI.  The examples show foams of about 500 kg/m³ with hardness below shore 50A and ball rebound below 15% at both -10 and +23°C. The foams are said to be useful for impact-protective garments.

Castor oil

Castor oil component

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