Solid-Solid PU PCM

Patent Title: PHASE-CHANGE MATERIAL FOR STORING THERMAL ENERGY, MANUFACTURING METHOD AND USES OF SUCH A MATERIAL

 Number/Link:  WO2017/198933 (French)

Applicant/Assignee:  UNIV CERGY-PONTOIS

Publication date: 23 november 2017

Gist”: A crosslinked PEG-HMDI elastomer can be used as phase change material.

Why it is interesting: Phase change materials, used to dampen temperature cycles in buildings, are well known. Most organic phase change materials (e.g. paraffines) show solid-liquid phase transitions and therefore need to be macro- or micro-encapsulated. This invention is about polyurethane PCMs with a solid to solid phase transition, and therefore need not be encapsulated. The PU PCM is prepared by reacting a polyethylene glycol with a diisocyanate like HMDI together with a crosslinker like glycerol. The solid elastomer is then ground into powder which can be used in construction materials like plaster or cement. The transition temperature and the latent heat of the PCM is controlled through the mole weight of the PEG (e.g. 1000 to 2000 Da) and the degree of crosslinking.
Solid-solid PU PCMs are not new, see WO2011/089061 (Huntsman), which (in my opinion) presents a more elegant and flexible solution to the problem.

Phase_Change_Materials

Temperature damping by PCM (Wikimedia Commons)

 

Matte, Self-Healing Polyurethane Powder Coatings

Title: POLYURETHANE COATING COMPOSITION

Number/Link: WO2017/074835

Applicant/Assignee: Valspar

Publication Date: 4 May 2017

“Gist”: Coating composition comprising isocyanate and two polyester polyols having a similar Tg but a widely different equivalent weight.

Why it is interesting: Conventionally low gloss or “matte” coatings are the result of a microtextured surface achieved by certain fillers or by incompatible polymers and the like. According to this invention “ultra matte” finishes can also -surprisingly- be achieved from a (powder) coating composition comprising a (blocked) isocyanate and a mixture of two polyester polyols. Both polyols have a Tg between 40 and 60ºC prefereably differing not more than 5 to 8ºC, while the OHv of the first polyol is between 150 and 325 and that of the second between 15 and 35.  The ratio between first and second polyol is from about 1:1 to 1:3 w/w. Also surprisingly, the resulting coatings are said to show self-healing properties. An interesting composition but no examples of the polyesters or isocyanates used are given.

Car with matte finish

TPU from POM-Polyether Polyols

Title: THERMOPLASTIC POLYURETHANES, PRODUCTION AND USE THEREOF

 Number/Link: WO2015/155084  (German)

Applicant/Assignee: Bayer

Publication date: 15-10-2015

Gist”: Paraformaldehyde-PO polyols are used to make TPU

Why it is interesting: Polyoxymethylene (POM) is a highly crystalline ‘engineering thermoplastic’ often used in blends together with TPU. In this invention POM is not blended but used to make a POM-polyether ‘block’ diol which is then used to make TPU. The diol is prepared by using paraformaldehyde as a starter which is reacted with PO (and optionally CO2) using DMC catalysis. The POM-block acts as a ‘hard block’ and use of the diol allows for an improved control of Tg, melt viscosity, hardness, chemical resistance etc. of the TPU.  In the examples TPU is made from a 2000 MW parafomaldehyde/PO-CO2 block copolymer  together with 4,4’MDI and BDO.

Paraformaldehyde

Paraformaldehyde