TPU from POM-Polyether Polyols

Title: THERMOPLASTIC POLYURETHANES, PRODUCTION AND USE THEREOF

 Number/Link: WO2015/155084  (German)

Applicant/Assignee: Bayer

Publication date: 15-10-2015

Gist”: Paraformaldehyde-PO polyols are used to make TPU

Why it is interesting: Polyoxymethylene (POM) is a highly crystalline ‘engineering thermoplastic’ often used in blends together with TPU. In this invention POM is not blended but used to make a POM-polyether ‘block’ diol which is then used to make TPU. The diol is prepared by using paraformaldehyde as a starter which is reacted with PO (and optionally CO2) using DMC catalysis. The POM-block acts as a ‘hard block’ and use of the diol allows for an improved control of Tg, melt viscosity, hardness, chemical resistance etc. of the TPU.  In the examples TPU is made from a 2000 MW parafomaldehyde/PO-CO2 block copolymer  together with 4,4’MDI and BDO.

Paraformaldehyde

Paraformaldehyde

Fuel Resistant Polyurea

Title: POLYUREA COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS OF USE

 Number/Link: US20140171587

Applicant/Assignee: PRC DESOTO

Publication date: 19-06-2014 (priority PCT)

Gist”: Sulfur-containing polyformal polyols are prepolymerized with aliphatic diisocyanates and then cured with aromatic amines.

Why it is interesting: Sulfur-containing polyformal polyols are prepared from thiodiglycol and paraformaldehyde using acidic catalysis.  The polyols are then reacted with 4,4′-dicylcohexyl diisocyanate (H12MDI) to form a prepolymer which is subsequently cured with an aromatic amine like dimethylthiotoluenediamine. The resulting material is water and fuel resistant and can be used as a sealant in the aerospace industry.

H12MDI-thiodiglycol-polyformal adduct

H12MDI-thiodiglycol-polyformal adduct

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