Polyols for Polyurethane Fibre-Reinforced Composite

Patent Title: PROCESS FOR PRODUCING FIBER COMPOSITE MATERIAL USING HYBRID POLYOL

Number/Link: WO2018/224592 (German)

Applicant/Assignee: BASF

Publication Date: 13 December 2018

“Gist”: Composite composition based on polyol prepared from initiator mixture comprising castor oil

Why it is interesting: Polyurethane composite production by filament winding, pultrusion and similar processes are known.  These PU systems need a low viscosity, good fibre-wetting properties, long open time and preferably a “snap cure” when activated.  According to this invention, such systems can be prepared from polyols which are made by alkoxylating an initiator mixture consisting of a (pref) 50/50 (w/w) mixture of a fat-based alcohol and an aliphatic trifunctional alcohol, using imidazole catalysis. In an example a castor oil/glycerol mixture is propoxylated to an OH value of  480 mg KOH/g.  Surprisingly this polyol shows a longer open time compared to the corresponding mixture of seperately initiated polyols.

castor oil

Main component of castor oil

Polyols from Urethane Alcohols

Title: USE OF URETHANE ALCOHOLS FOR PREPARATION OF POLYETHER POLYOLS

 Number/Link: WO2015075057

Applicant/Assignee: Bayer

Publication date: 28-05-2015

Gist”: Urethane alcohols prepared from cyclocarbonates are used as starters for polyether polyols

Why it is interesting: Urethane diols are prepared by reacting cyclic carbonates like ethylene- or propylene carbonate with an alkanolamine like e.g. ethanolamine. The alcohols are then further reacted with propylene oxide and/or ethylene oxide to make polyether polyols, useful for the production of flexible foams a.o.  No comparison of the properties of these polyols (or of the resulting foams), with ‘conventional’ polyether polyols, is given. The only advantage (at least for Bayer) being that the polyols are partly based on cyclocarbonates which are by-products of the polycarbonate polyol production.

A Urethane Alcohol

A Urethane Alcohol

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