Polyols for Polyurethane Fibre-Reinforced Composite

Patent Title: PROCESS FOR PRODUCING FIBER COMPOSITE MATERIAL USING HYBRID POLYOL

Number/Link: WO2018/224592 (German)

Applicant/Assignee: BASF

Publication Date: 13 December 2018

“Gist”: Composite composition based on polyol prepared from initiator mixture comprising castor oil

Why it is interesting: Polyurethane composite production by filament winding, pultrusion and similar processes are known.  These PU systems need a low viscosity, good fibre-wetting properties, long open time and preferably a “snap cure” when activated.  According to this invention, such systems can be prepared from polyols which are made by alkoxylating an initiator mixture consisting of a (pref) 50/50 (w/w) mixture of a fat-based alcohol and an aliphatic trifunctional alcohol, using imidazole catalysis. In an example a castor oil/glycerol mixture is propoxylated to an OH value of  480 mg KOH/g.  Surprisingly this polyol shows a longer open time compared to the corresponding mixture of seperately initiated polyols.

castor oil

Main component of castor oil

Polyurethane for Filament Winding

Patent Title: FILAMENT WINDING PROCESSES USING POLYURETHANE RESINS AND SYSTEMS FOR MAKING COMPOSITES

 Number/Link: W2016183073

Applicant/Assignee: Covestro

Publication date: 17-11-2016

Gist”: Compositions comprising polymeric MDI, amine-initated polyethers and natural oil polyols are useful for filament winding

Why it is interesting: Filament winding is a process for the production of hollow composite structures whereby resin-impregnated fibers are wound on a mandrel and then cured. Typically the fibers are impregnated with polyesters or epoxies.  Polyurethane compositions are difficult to use in this process because of reactivity and moisture sensitivity. According to this invention an isocyanate reactive composition comprising at least 50% high functionality amine-initiated polyether polyols and up to 50% of a hydrophobic OH-functional vegetable oil, can be advantageously used for PU filament winding. In the examples blends of 3 and 4-functional amine-initated polyether polyols with mole weight of about 250, castor oil, or OH-functional soy-oil, are used together with a high 2,4′ polymeric MDI.

Filanent winding process

Filanent winding process

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