Polyols for Polyurethane Fibre-Reinforced Composite

Patent Title: PROCESS FOR PRODUCING FIBER COMPOSITE MATERIAL USING HYBRID POLYOL

Number/Link: WO2018/224592 (German)

Applicant/Assignee: BASF

Publication Date: 13 December 2018

“Gist”: Composite composition based on polyol prepared from initiator mixture comprising castor oil

Why it is interesting: Polyurethane composite production by filament winding, pultrusion and similar processes are known.  These PU systems need a low viscosity, good fibre-wetting properties, long open time and preferably a “snap cure” when activated.  According to this invention, such systems can be prepared from polyols which are made by alkoxylating an initiator mixture consisting of a (pref) 50/50 (w/w) mixture of a fat-based alcohol and an aliphatic trifunctional alcohol, using imidazole catalysis. In an example a castor oil/glycerol mixture is propoxylated to an OH value of  480 mg KOH/g.  Surprisingly this polyol shows a longer open time compared to the corresponding mixture of seperately initiated polyols.

castor oil

Main component of castor oil

Polyurethane-Graphene Composite

Patent Title: POLYURETHANE FILM COMPRISING GRAPHENE AND PREPARATION PROCESS THEREOF.

 Number/Link: WO/2018/202747

Applicant/Assignee:  Directa Plus

Publication date: 8 November 2018

Gist”: A PU film containing graphene nano-platelets

Why it is interesting: The invention is about polyurethane-graphene nanocomposites useful as films in textiles for clothing and medical applications. The films are prepared by incorporating into a (commercially available) PU resin, 1-30% (w/w) of graphene nano platelets together with 0.1-5% of (pref.) silica particles as a blocking agent and a solvent to adjust viscosity.  The composition is cured on a flat support as a film of 10 to 100µm thick. It is said that the PU films can a.o. have improved breathability, thermal conductivity, electrical conductivity and antibacterial activity.

Graphene

Graphene (Wikipedia)

 

 

Polyurethanes from Bisphenol-Based Polyols

Patent Title:  OLIGOMERIC POLYOL COMPOSITIONS

 Number/Link:WO2018/190891

Applicant/Assignee:  Presidium USA

Publication date: 18 October 2018
Gist”: Polyurethanes from high functionality  bisphenol-based polyols

Why it is interesting: The invention relates to high functionality (and high viscosity) polyols that consist of bisphenol moieties and aliphatic polyol moieties and that can be prepared by reacting a bisphenol-based polycarbonate with a short-chain, high functionality polyol in the presence of a suitable catalyst or promotor.  In the examples a bisphenol-A based polycarbonate powder is reacted with propoxylated pentaerythritol and a tetra – OH – functional tert-amine that acts as a promotor.  The polyols are said to be useful for high stiffness polyurethanes that show improved heat distortion and a relatively low reaction exotherm.

multranol

Catalytic tetrol used in the invention