Translucent Rigid Foams


 Number/Link: WO2018/178139  WO2018/177987  (German)

Applicant/Assignee:  Covestro

Publication date: 4 October 2018

Gist”: Rigid foam formulation is mixed without air to delay nucleation

Why it is interesting: The invention is about translucent rigid foams which are said to be useful as wall and roof elements such as light strips, light domes and the like.  The foams are based on (pref.) trimerized aliphatic diisocyanates and are blown with water.  The composition is degassed and then mixed without inclusion of air to delay nucleation. The resulting foams have a course cell structure and thick cell struts which apparently allows light to pass through.


Desmodur N3900

Asymmetric trimer of HDI (iminooxadiazinedione)


Preventing Ostwald Ripening in Rigid PU Foams


Number/Link: WO2017093058  (German)

Applicant/Assignee: Evonik

Publication Date: 8 June 2017

“Gist”: Perfluorinated hydrocabons reduce Ostwald ripening in PU foam formulations

Why it is interesting: Polymeric foams form by nucleation and growth of gass bubbles in the reacting mixture followed by (or simultaneous with) ageing of the bubbles through coalesence and Ostwald ripening, i.e. the growth of larger bubbles at the expense of smaller bubbles. Ostwald ripening ultimately results in fewer and larger cells, which has a negative effect on the thermal insulation properties of rigid foams. According to this invention the ripening effect can be prevented or reduced by incorporating in the foam formulation an “Ostwald hydrophobe”, i.e. a highly hydrophobic liquid which is largely immiscible with the reacting mixture. Examples of such liquids are perfluorinated hydrocabons with a boiling point of less than 150°C, e.g. perfluoropentane, perfluorocyclohexane and perfluoroisohexene (used in the examples).



Classic PU patent of the Month: PORON ® Foams (1979)

Title: Polyurethane foam product and process of manufacture thereof from thermosetting frothed mixture

 Number/Link: US4216177

Applicant/Assignee: Rogers

Publication date: 5-08-1980

Gist”: Frothed flexible foam

Why it is interesting: PORON is a popular brand of microcellular elastomeric/flexible polyurethane foams produced by Rogers Corporation. The original process, as documented in this patent, is quite simple:  a flexible foam formulation (in the examples) based on TDI, caprolacton diol, polymer polyol, some chain extender, amine catalyst and surfactant is frothed instead of blown with water or a physical blowing agent. The reacting froth is poured on release paper and heated to cure. Release paper can also be applied on top resulting in an integral skin on both sides of the layer. Frothing instead of blowing results in an improved compression set, different hardness-density relationship and a better control over cell structure. A unique material.

PORON foams

PORON foams

  • Pages

  • Categories

  • Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

    Join 1,089 other subscribers
  • Follow Innovation in PU on Twitter

%d bloggers like this: