Polycarbonate PU Foams with Reduced VOC Emissions

Title: POLYURETHANE FOAMS BASED ON POLYETHER CARBONATE POLYOLS

Number/Link: WO2017/085201 (German)

Applicant/Assignee: Covestro

Publication Date: 26-may-2017

“Gist”: Use of urea reduces the formation of propylenecarbonate from polycarbonate polyols

Why it is interesting: Covestry is betting heavily on polyethercarbonate polyols for use in polyurethane foams, using the carbon-negative footprint as a selling point. The use of polyethercarbonate polyols in PU foams can, however, result in the formation of propylenecarbonate resulting from a retro reaction promoted by conventional amine catalysts. Propylenecarbonate will contribute to the total VOC emissions of foams and other materials. According to this invention, the retro reaction can -surprisingly- be prevented or reduced by using urea or urea-derivatives in the foam formulation. In the examples urea and dimethylaminopropylurea are used together with a tin catalyst,  polyethercarbonate polyols and TDI to produce flexible foams with reduced propylenecarbonate content.

Propylenecarbonate

 

 

Polyether-Polyacetal Polyols

Patent Title: POLYETHER-ACETAL POLYOL COMPOSITIONS

 Number/Link:  WO2016/112274

Applicant/Assignee: Dow

Publication date: 14-07-2016

Gist”: Lewis-acid catalysis for polyactal-modified polyethers

Why it is interesting: According to this application, acetal-modified polyether polyols can be prepared by first reacting a (pref.) di- or trifunctional initiator with PO until about 500 eq. wt. using DMC catalysis. This ‘starter’ polyol is then further reacted (at a lower temperature) with PO using a (pref.) Boron-based lewis acid as catalyst, e.g. tris(pentafluorophenyl)borane. Under these conditions part of the epoxy will isomerize to the corresponding aldehyde.  The aldehyde can then co-polymerize such that part of the polyol will be functionalized with polyacetal. Polyurethanes prepared with these polyols are said to show improved modulus and other mechanical properties.

tris(pentafluorophenyl)borane

tris(pentafluorophenyl)borane