Self-Healing Polyurethane Elastomers

Patent Title: POLYURETHANE

 Number/Link: W02016185172

Applicant/Assignee: Croda

Publication date: 24-11-2016

Gist”: PU from polyols which contain both a fatty dimer residue and an H-bonding group, show self-healing properties

Why it is interesting: Polyurethane elastomers with ‘intrinsic’ self-healing properties (i.e. without the need for external chemicals like encapsulated monomers) can be prepared by reacting isocyanates with polyols that have at least one urethane, amide or carbonate group and at least one fatty dimer residue. It is theorized that the fatty dimer allows the soft-phase of the polymer to flow and H-bonds to form, thus restoring most of the properties after damage.  In the examples polyols with internal urethane groups were prepared by reacting C36 dimer diol with HDI, which were then reacted with MDI and BDO. Samples of the resulting elastomers were cut in half, and manually stuck together again under mild heating (60°C), thus recovering most of their tensile and elongation properties.

A dimer diol

A dimer diol

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