TPU from Asymmetric Chain Extenders

Patent Title: THERMOPLASTIC POLYURETHANE

 Number/Link: WO2015/173337

Applicant/Assignee: Henkel

Publication date: 19-11-2015

Gist”: TPU is made using diols with 1 prim- and one sec-OH group

Why it is interesting: Thermoplastic polyurethanes (TPU) have many desirable properties but are notoriously difficult to process: they need a high processing temperature (>160°C ) and have a high melt viscosity requiring high shear processing equipment. According to the current invention the melt viscosity can be greatly reduced by using an asymmetric diol as chain extender (i.e. with one pimary and one secondary hydroxyl group) instead of a conventional symmetric diol. In the examples polyester-MDI TPUs extended with asymmetric diols (e.g. 1,3-butanediol or 2,2,4-trimethyl-1,3-pentanediol)  are shown to have a much lower melt viscosity compared to TPU extended with 1,4-butanediol. These TPUs are especially useful as hotmelt adhesives.

2,2,4,-trimethyl-1,3-pentanediol

2,2,4,-trimethyl-1,3-pentanediol

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