Classic PU Patent of the Month: Microencapsulation (1963)


 Number/Link:  US3577515

Applicant/Assignee: Pennwalt Corp.

Publication date: 4-05-1971

Gist”: Interfacial polycondensation on the surface of emulsified droplets.

Why it is interesting: Micro-sized droplets are encapsulated with a polymeric film or ‘skin’ formed by an interfacial polycondensation reaction. The idea is both very clever and simple: one reaction component is dissolved in a liquid which is then dispersed in another -immiscible- liquid. The second reaction component is then added to the continuous phase resulting in a polycondensation reaction at the surface of the droplets, encapsulating these with a polymeric film. For example a solution of a polyisocyanates in an organic solvent can be dispersed in water (to a desired droplet size) after which a water soluble diol or diamine is added resulting in a polyurethane or polyurea film encapsulating the solvent droplets. Microcapsules are now common and used in may applications like cosmetics, phase change materials, e-paper, self-healing coatings etc.

Figure 1 illustrating the process

Figure illustrating the process

Leave a comment

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

  • Pages

  • Categories

  • Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

    Join 1,089 other subscribers
  • Follow Innovation in PU on Twitter

%d bloggers like this: