PU Flexible Foams with Reduced Acetaldehyde Emissions

Title: METHOD FOR THE REDUCTION OF ALDEHYDE EMISSION IN POLYURETHANE FOAM

Number/Link: WO2017/134296

Applicant/Assignee: Huntsman

Publication Date: 10 August 2017

“Gist”: Cyanoacetamide is used as aldehyde scavenger

Why it is interesting: Reduction of aldehyde emissions from (especially flexible) polyurethane foams remains an important issue and has already been discussed a number of times on this blog. According to this case the use of (pref) 0.05 to 0.5 pbw of cyanoacetamide in a flexible foam formulation will reduce the emission of formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, propionaldehyde, and possibly of higher aldehydes as well.
While an interesting compound, the use of cyanoacetamide in polyurethanes is not new and the effect is hardly surprising.

Cyanoacetamide

 

Non-Isocyanate Polyurethane Flexible Foams

Title: NON ISOCYANATE POLYURETHANE FOAMS

Number/LinkUS2017/0218124

Applicant/Assignee: Faurecia

Publication Date: 3 august 2017

“Gist”: Flex foams from a blend of two polyfunctional cyclocarbonates, a polyamine and HFC blowing agent.

Why it is interesting: While non-isocyanate polyurethanes are well known by now, examples of NIPU foams, especially flexible foams are rare. According to this case NIPU foams ‘having good resilience and low density’ can be prepared by reacting two polyfunctional carbonates A and B with a polyamine in the presence of a blowing agent and a catalyst. Cyclocarbonate A is (pref) trimethylolpropaneglycidylether carbonate and B is a polyetherpolyol with the OH groups replaced by glycidylcarbonate groups, for example an alkoxyalated trimethylolpropaneglycidylether carbonate. The polyamine is e.g. 1,6 diaminohexane.  The ratio A:B is preferably about 60:40.  In the examples no value for the resilience is given (but my guess based on the Tg is that it is probably not very high) and the lowest moulded density achieved is 140 kg/m³. So still a long way to go..

Glycidylether carbonate of alkoxylkated trimethylolpropane

FREE: Polyurethane Science & Technology Scan Nr 4 is now available for download.

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PCM Containing PU Gels

Title: Temperature Regulating Polyurethane Gels

Number/Link: US2017/0210961

Applicant/Assignee: Technogel

Publication Date: 27 july 2017

“Gist”: Fatty acid ester PCMs are incorporated into Technogel-type gels without encapsulation

Why it is interesting: Polyurethane gels have been discussed before in this blog. The current invention is about “Technogel-type”  gels, made at low NCO-index and high functionality, that contain phase change materials (PCMs). The PCMs are esters of fatty acids that can be blended in molten state with the low EO polyol to form a clear solution, which is then reacted with isocyanate to form the gel. Despite not being encapsulated or forming a separate phase, the PCMs can reversibly melt and crsytallize while in the fluid phase of the gel. In the examples blends of lauryl laurate (C12-C12) and myristyl myristate (C14-C14) are used as PCM such that the phase change temperature is about 22-38°C.  The gels are said to be useful for ‘close to body’ comfort applications especially for use in matresses to improve sleeping comfort.

Lauryl laurate

 

PU-FPOSS Coating Compositions

Title: ICE ADHESION REDUCING PREPOLYMERS AND POLYMERS

Number/Link: US20170204291

Applicant/Assignee: Boeing

Publication Date: 20 July 2017  (published as PCT)

“Gist”: Ice repellent polyurethane coatings are prepared by incorporating F-POSS prepolymers

Why it is interesting: The invention is about coated surfaces that show reduced ice formation and/or adhesion. This is accomplished by incorporating fluorinated polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes (F-POSS) into the composition. OH-functional F-POSS is prepared as per the scheme below, which is then reacted with polyisocyanates to prepare an NCO-functional F-POSS prepolymer.  The prepolymer can then be used in PU coating compositions, or reacted with amino-functional PDMS compounds and used as an additive in coating compositions.
It is believed that the F-POSS particles interfere with H-bond formation of ice to the coated surface.  Ice repellent surfaces are particularly useful for aircraft, wind turbines, cooling equipment an the like.

Synthesis of OH-functional trifluoropropyl POSS