Flexible Foams from Inverse NOP Prepolymers

Title: Polyurethane Foam

 Number/Link:US2014329923

Applicant/Assignee: Green Urethanes

Publication date: 06-11-2014 (priority PCT)

Gist”: Flexible polyurethane foams based on OH-ended natural-oil polyol prepolymers

Why it is interesting: Polyols based on natural oils (NOPs) such as rapeseed-, soy-, castor oil and the like are hydrophobic, have sterically hindered hydroxyl groups and are therefore not compatible with conventionally used polyols and isocyanates.   The amount of natural oil-based polyols that can be used is therefore limited to less than about 30% for conventional flexible slabstock and even less (5-10%) for HR foams. According to the current invention, prepolymerizing the NOP with a multifunctional isocyanate to form an OH-ended (‘inverse’) prepolymer, improves compatibility and reactivity and even reduces or eliminates the typical smell associated with these compounds. In the examples about 10% of the OH groups of different types of NOPs are pre-reacted with polymeric MDI using a gelling catalyst.  The prepolymers are then foamed using TDI, water and conventional polyols. Flexible foams are produced containing 50-75% NOP on the total amount of polyol used.

Castor Oil

Typical castor oil component

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