Bio-Based Acoustic Polyurethane Foam

Patent Title: POLYURETHANE MATERIALS FORMED FROM EPOXIDIZED PLANT OILS

 Number/Link: US2017/0081460

Applicant/Assignee: IBM

Publication date: 23-mar-2017

Gist”: Natural oils are converted into isocyanate-functional polyols and then polymerized

Why it is interesting: Epoxidized vegetable oils are hydrolized and saponified using NaOH, resulting in a mixture of acid-ended polyols. The acid groups are then converted into azides using diphenylphosphoryl azide, which then rearrange into isocyanate groups (Curtius rearrangement).  The isocyanate-ended polyols can be polymerized and further crosslinked using di-isocyanates. The materials are said to be useful as components for acoustic foams, used e.g. in mainframe computers.
This is the second IBM PU patent discussed in this blog. However, I doubt if they have an actual chemistry lab since their examples are “prophetic” rather than real.

IBM

Reaction scheme according to the invention

Isocyanate-Free Polyurethanes Using Azide-Alkyne Click Chemistry

Title: SYNTHESIS OF POLYURETHANE POLYMERS VIA COPPER AZIDE-ALKYNE CLICK CHEMISTRY FOR COATINGS, ADHESIVES, SEALANTS AND ELASTOMER APPLICATIONS

 Number/Link: WO2014/122153

Applicant/Assignee: Sika

Publication date: 14-08-2014

Gist”: Polyurethane prepolymers capped with azides and alkynes are reacted using copper catalysis.

Why it is interesting: Because of safety, health and envriromental issues, isocyanate-free systems have clearly been gaining in importance the last few years.  Especially for coatings, adhesives and OCF applications, alternative curings systems are being developed. In the current invention an isocyanate-free system is based on the reaction between a prepolymer having at least two azide groups and a prepolymer having at least two alkyne groups. The reaction is copper catalyzed such that it can be performed at ambient temperature. The first prepolymer is (pref.)  prepared by reacting an isocyanate ended prepolymer with glycidol (2,3-epoxy-1-propanol) and subsequently with sodium azide. The second prepolymer is similarly prepared by reacting an isocyanate ended prepolymer with propargyl alcohol (2-propyn-1-ol).  The systems are said to be especially useful for roof coatings.

Example of an azide-alkyne reaction resulting in 1,4-disubstituded triazoles.

Example of an azide-alkyne reaction resulting in 1,4-disubstituded triazoles.

 

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